Static fields and properties from .NET DLL in Perl

This article provides an introduction to cross-technology handling of static fields and properties.
Javonet allows you to reference and use modules or packages written in (Java/Kotlin/Groovy/Clojure, C#/VB.NET, Ruby, Perl, Python, JavaScript/TypeScript) like they were created in your technology. If have not yet created your first project check Javonet overview and quick start guides for your technology.

With Javonet you can interact with static field and properties from .NET DLL like they were available in Perl but invocation must be performed through Javonet SDK API.

Get/Set static field from custom .NET DLL in Perl

With Javonet it is possible to reference any custom .NET DLL and interact with public static fields and properties declared on types defined within that module almost the same as with any other Perl library.

Snippet below represents the sample code from .NET DLL which contains class with fields:

public int PublicValue { get; set; }
private int PrivateValue { get; }
public static int StaticValue = 3;

public TestClass(int publicValue, int privateValue)
{
	PublicValue = publicValue;
	PrivateValue = privateValue;
}

It is possible to get one of the declared static fields from .NET DLL using following Perl code.

# use activate only once in your app
Javonet->activate("your-license-key");

# create NETCORE runtime context
my $called_runtime = Javonet->in_memory()->netcore();

# set up variables
my $library_path = "${resources_directory}/TestClass.dll";
my $class_name = "TestClass.TestClass";

# load NETCORE custom library
$called_runtime->load_library($library_path);

# get type from the runtime
my $netcore_type = $called_runtime->get_type($class_name)->execute();

# get type's static field
my $response = $netcore_type->get_static_field("StaticValue")->execute();

# get value from response
my $result = $response->get_value();

# print result to console
print("$result\n");

This uses in memory runtime bridging to load the .NET DLL, and next retrieves reference to specific type and gets the static field. Result of the invocation is returned as regular Perl value and can be used for further processing. It is possible to set one of the declared static fields from .NET DLL using following Perl code.

# use activate only once in your app
Javonet->activate("your-license-key");

# create NETCORE runtime context
my $called_runtime = Javonet->in_memory()->netcore();

# set up variables
my $library_path = "${resources_directory}/TestClass.dll";
my $class_name = "TestClass.TestClass";

# load NETCORE custom library
$called_runtime->load_library($library_path);

# get type from the runtime
my $netcore_type = $called_runtime->get_type($class_name)->execute();

# set type's static field
$netcore_type->set_static_field("StaticValue", 75)->execute();

# get type's static field
my $response = $netcore_type->get_static_field("StaticValue")->execute();

# get value from response
my $result = $response->get_value();

# print result to console
print("$result\n");

This uses in memory runtime bridging to load the .NET DLL, and next retrieves reference to specific type, then sets and gets the static field. Result of the invocation is returned as regular Perl value and can be used for further processing.

Get/Set static field from standard .NET DLL in Perl

The same steps are required to get types and fields from framework .NET DLL:

# use activate only once in your app
Javonet->activate("your-license-key");

# create NETCORE runtime context
my $called_runtime = Javonet->in_memory()->netcore();

# get type from the runtime
my $netcore_type = $called_runtime->get_type("System.Math")->execute();

# get type's static field
my $response = $netcore_type->get_static_field("PI")->execute();

# get value from response
my $result = $response->get_value();

# print result to console
print("$result\n");

The same operation can be performed remotely by just changing the new Runtime Context invocation from in memory to tcp that will create and interact with your .NET DLL objects on any remote node, container or service that hosts Javonet Code Gateway. This way you can preserve the same logic in your application and instantly switch between monolithic and microservices architecture without the need to implement the integration layer based on web services or other remote invocation methods.

Read more about use cases and software architecture scenarios where Javonet runtime bridging technology can support your development process.